Real World Pump Operations

real-world-pumpAn advanced water delivery seminar

Paul Shapiro, Director of FIRE FLOW TECHNOLOGY, has designed a class on advanced pump operations guaranteed to enlighten you. This action packed, hands-on class will take the students through step-by-step procedures on virtually all-conceivable pump operations that their departments can produce.

Here are just a few of the things that the students will learn about the pump operator’s role:

  • Booster tank operations
  • Change over procedures from tank water to hydrant water
  • Handline operations
  • Calculating real world engine pressures
  • Developing supply line evolutions capable of doubling the pumps rated capacity
  • Relay pump operations
  • Dual pumping
  • Developing a looped supply line system
  • Manifold operations
  • High rise pump operations
  • Blitz attack operations
  • Producing high flow handline and master stream operations
  • Large diameter hose basics

Students will assist in developing pump charts capable of calculating any conceivable engine pressure that may be required. There will also be an evaluation of their departments hose and nozzle delivery capabilities. This will be a golden opportunity to look at some new concepts. The Real World Pump Operations seminar will conclude with a multi company evolution, which will include all material presented in class.

All personnel involved with firefighting from the chief officers and company officers to the pump operators and firefighters will benefit from this class.

Are you tired of the traditional hose evolution classes taught from the generic training manuals that have been in the fire service for years? The Real World Pump Operations class will take you beyond this dark age and into a new, progressive and innovative era. Students should bring their turnout gear, an open mind and a lot of energy and be prepared to be amazed because you’re going to learn pumping concepts you never thought possible.


  • Pump theory
    • A brief discussion on the design of centrifugal pumps Special attention will be given to obtaining capacity and greater flows.
  • Supply line operations
    • Hose operations
      • This portion of the class will show how to maximize the available water supply with LDH hose. Special attention will be given to LDH” operations from 2-1/2” hydrant ports, dual LDH lines from one hydrant and dual LDH supply lines from two hydrants for maximum flow. Expect to see pump capacities pushing to being doubled in this type of operation.
    • Safety
      • Because of the potential for water hammer and because of the actual weight of LDH” hose, special attention must be given to safety. You will learn the need for pressure dump valves and how to adjust them, pump operations that will prevent water hammer and special hose handling techniques to deal with the weight of LDH hose.
    • Relay pump operations for inner city
      • Relay pumping is most commonly thought of as being used in a rural area where there is a lack of hydrants. This class will show the need for a relay pump operation in the inner city during a major fire/high volume water operation. Pump operation techniques and procedures will be taught for setting up a relay pump operation. Also included will be a manifold distribution system at the receiving end of the relay pump operation to supply multiple pumpers.
    • Dual pumping
      • Dual pumping is a convenience evolution that allows two or more pumpers to share the same water supply. It involves hooking up pumpers intake to intake.
    • Looped supply line operations
      • A looped supply line operation is a system of supply lines with multiple pumpers that involve hydrant lines as well as dual pump lines to share all available water on the fire ground.


  • Supply line basics
    • Step by step procedures will be demonstrated showing all procedures for the pump operator involved with laying LDH supply lines from taking the hydrant and laying the line to pulling the hose from the hosebed and making the hookup and changeover from booster tank operations to hydrant supply.
  • Build a supply line demonstration including single and dual LDH supply lines to a single pump
    • Demonstration of how to maximize available water supplies including a single LDH” line from a 2-1/2” hydrant port, a single LDH line from a large hydrant port, dual LDH lines from one hydrant and dual LDH lines from two hydrants. Expect to see flows pushing two times greater than the capacity of the pump.
  • Dual pumping
    • Demonstration of procedures for the pump operator involved with the operation of a dual pumping evolution
  • Looped supply line operations
    • Demonstration of the procedures for the pump operator involved in setting up a looped supply line evolution (3 pumpers will be involved)
  • Relay pumping (a 1000-foot supply line)
    • An actual 1000-foot relay pump operation will be deployed. Students will get the opportunity to participate in the relay pump operation on both the water supply and the receiving end of the evolution. Special attention will be given to communication procedures between the units.
  • Vacuum hose pick up technique
    • The vacuum hose pick up technique for LDH hose is a procedure that allows the hose to be picked up easily and safely and eliminates the chance of air entering back into the hose which in turn semi-inflates it, making it difficult to replace back into the hosebed. Students will learn how this procedure is done with minimum manpower.


  • Establishing engine pressures
    • Stream performance on a fire ultimately determines how successful a fire ground operation will be. Nozzle handling techniques, proper hose size and proper nozzles all have an overall effect on stream performance, however, if the proper engine pressure is not established at the pump panel, the overall stream performance will be affected. This portion of the class will teach pump operators how to establish the correct engine pressure under fireground conditions.
  • Pump chart design and implementation
    • The easiest way to establish engine pressures on the fireground is with the pump chart. The pump chart is a reference sheet that assists in establishing the correct engine pressure for any evolution that your department may deploy. The class will actually assist in designing a pump chart to meet the needs of the fire department. Factors that will be considered in development of the pump chart will be types of hose, types of nozzles and the types of operation that your department uses.
  • Establishing nozzle pressures for smooth bore and combination tips
    • An analysis will be done of the department’s nozzles to determine the nozzle pressures that will be used. Expect to see new, innovative concepts in nozzle pressures for smooth bore tips.
  • High-pressure operations for fixed master streams and handlines
    • This section will show how to get maximum flow from hose evolutions with high-pressure operations with master streams and handlines. Maximum pressures will be established based on manufacturers guidelines for their equipment.
  • Choosing the best discharge
    • You will learn how to choose the best possible discharge for high flow operations based on efficiency. This will involve plumbing design.
  • High-rise pumping
    • High-rise pump operations have traditionally been plagued with pressure restrictions because of the designs of the fire protection systems themselves. This section will teach how to set up and operate a high-rise pump operation to achieve maximum flows.
  • Blitz attack concepts from tank water and established water supply
    • The blitz attack concept is based on attacking a large volume fire by overwhelming it with as much water as can be discharged as possible to achieve a knockdown quickly. Special attention will be given to analyzing key factors for a successful blitz attack including water supply, operating pressures, hose size, manpower, hose handling techniques and water delivery appliances.


  • Tank water Blitz Attack operations
    • Students will learn how to implement a tank water high flow attack. Special attention will be given to establishing the correct engine pressure based on the maximum flow allowed from the tank to pump plumbing from the booster tank.
  • Manifold handline operations
    • Students will learn how to design a manifold handline operation to suit the needs of their department. This will include small and large handlines and a pre-determined pressure for both. They will then learn proper pump procedures for this evolution.
  • High pressure operations for handlines and fixed master streams
    • Demonstration of high pressure operations for all sizes of handlines and fixed master streams. Pump operators will learn all techniques and safety procedures involved in this operation
  • Portable master stream operations using 1-3/4”, 2-1/2” and LDH hose
    • Demonstration of portable master stream operations using all sizes of hose. Special attention will be given to high pressure operations with the small diameter hose and quick attack operations. Pump operators will learn all techniques and safety procedures involved in this operation.
  • Elevated master stream operations using LDH hose
    • Demonstration of supplying elevated streams from truck companies with LDH discharge hose from pumpers. Special attention will be given to the use of pressure dump valves for this operation. Pump operators will learn all techniques and safety procedures involved in this operation.
  • Nozzle pressure evaluations
    • Demonstration of various nozzle pressures for the department’s nozzles, both handline and master stream. Pump operators will learn all techniques and safety procedures involved with this operation.
  • Hose evaluations
    • Demonstration to evaluate various sizes of hose in the department to show its capabilities, both positive and negative.
  • Pressure dump valve adjustments
    • Demonstration on the proper adjustment for pressure dump valve devices.
  • Highrise pump operations
    • Students will learn how to set up and operate a high pressure highrise pump operation to include series pumping.
  • Multi company drill using skills learned from class
    • There will be a multi company drill with a minimum of 4 engines and 1 truck. This will be the final exam to demonstrate everything learned during the class. Three hydrants and an area large enough to deploy a large scale fire operation will be needed as well as proper drainage.
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